For Experts

    1. Intrusive involuntary memories, flashbacks, nightmares, or distress on exposure to triggers of the traumatizing event;
    2. Avoidance of reminders of the traumatizing event;
    3. Persistent, event-related negative moods and thoughts like fear, mistrust, shame, or detachment; 
    4. Sleep disturbance, hypervigilance, startle response, irritability, or anger; and
    5. Sometimes significant dissociation, with amnesia or decreased responsiveness to external stimuli.

For General Public

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